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Do not forget to observe the bony outlines. Parts of the humerus, cervical spine etc. may be visible and should be assessed. In particular observe the following systematically.

  • Clavicles
  • Anterior and posterior ribs.
  • Thoracic Spine
  • Pedicles
  • Transverse processes
  • Spinous Processes
  • Sternum

© Gavin Joynt, June 2005

©Charles Gomersall, January, 2018 unless otherwise stated. The author, editor and The Chinese University of Hong Kong take no responsibility for any adverse event resulting from the use of this webpage.
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